* 23. 8. 1851 Hronov
+ 12. 3. 1930 Praha
Writer, playwright, creator of the realistic historical novel
Alois Jirásek was born in Hronov in the Náchod district of Eastern Bohemia. He came from an old farming family. He lived in Litomyšl for fourteen years and worked mainly at the grammar school (now the home of the Litomyšl Regional Museum) as a teacher of history and geography. He began publishing during the time of his Prague studies. In Litomyšl he wrote his first notable works such as The Philosopher’s Story and Dogs’ Heads. Here he also married Marie Podhajská with whom he had eight children – seven girls and one boy. In 1888, he moved to Prague where he continued with his teaching and literary activities. During his time living in Prague he encountered the worlds of art and science. In the parliamentary elections in the newly formed Czechoslovakia he gained a senator’s seat in the National Assembly which he held for five years. In the years 1918, 1919, 1921 and 1930 he was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature. He died on 12th March 1930 and was buried in his native Hronov.